It is not something new; you probably already know that when your body is not able to produce or utilise insulin, diabetes results.
Insulin helps your food become energy in your cells. Thus, not only will your cells be low on energy, the energy source, that is, glucose will accumulate in your blood.
This high level of glucose will cause damage to your major organs including eyes, heart and kidney.
The American Diabetes Association says that 6.3% of the American population are diabetics. Now, that is a staggering number.While Type I is more common among children, Type II is common among adults. However, even children are developing Type II diabetes because of being obese.
What types are there?
There is the Type I, in which there is total insulin lack and mostly children have this type. The other is Type II, in which there is not enough insulin production or proper insulin usage. This is more common and most often develops in adults.
Before Type II diabetes develops, a condition called Borderline Diabetes or Pre Diabetes occurs, in which level of blood glucose is higher compared to normal. Then there is gestational diabetes that is temporary and occurs mostly in pregnant women.
What are the symptoms?
The main symptom is of course, the not having any insulin activity. However, other more obvious symptoms include increased urine production, irritability, blurred vision, extreme weight loss, increased fatigue and extreme hunger.
What the risk factors and causes?
While the precise cause remains unknown, obesity, heredity as well as absence of any physical activity seem to have something of a part.
You are at risk if some of your closest family members have it, if you are at least 20% overweight, if you have a sedentary lifestyle, if during pregnancy you had gestational diabetes, if you have abnormal cholesterol levels or high blood pressure.
What is the treatment for diabetes?
While there might not be any apparent cure for diabetes, a combination of prescribed medications, exercise and the right meals will help any diabetic stay as normal as anybody else.
Several treatment options are now surfacing that promise hope for diabetics. Insulin pump implants are pump that are implanted permanently and that deliver insulin according to the requirement of the body. The implant of insulin capsule continuously releases insulin into your bloodstream.
Then there are other treatment options such as the insulin pill, inhaler, islet cell transplant, and gene therapy as well as diabetes vaccine. While all these are yet under study, the future looks bright enough for diabetics.